On this date, December 16th, in 1653: Oliver Cromwell, a leader in the English Revolution and ruler of England since 1649, is proclaimed Lord Protector of England. This revolution resulted inthe execution of King Charles I, and many high ranked government officials. Many reasons are given for this war including: social, economic, constitutional, and religious. You can go to this page to read a little more about this time in English history. To learn more about Cromwell you may visit this website dedicated to him.